ReactiveCocoa Design Patterns Tweak a single line into justifying


April 9, 2014

Before digging into real world ReactiveCocoa examples and finally starting fulfilling blog with what it name says: design patterns, it's worth talking about ReactiveCocoa scheduling.


All events passed along the ReactiveCocoa signals are pushed by special framework component — scheduler, represented as RACScheduler class cluster. The reason why it was designed that way is that scheduler concept brings very convenient abstraction over synchronous/asynchronous/delayed events passing as well as scheduled actions cancellation. "Events passing" is performed as block of course and that's what RACScheduler operates with: it schedules blocks. Canceling scheduling blocks could be done by disposing RACDisposable objects retuned by scheduling methods.

As I said, RACScheduler is a class cluster. These are possible concrete schedulers:


Private scheduler used in ReactiveCocoa internally and and supports only synchronous scheduling. It simply execute the block right away. Delayed scheduling works by blocking current thread with -[NSThread sleepUntilDate:]. Obviously, there's no way to control cancellation of such scheduling, so disposables retuned by this scheduler will do nothing (in fact, scheduling methods of this scheduler return nil).


This scheduler uses GCD queues for scheduling blocks. It's functionality is pretty straightforward if you know what GCD does. It's actually a very thin layer over dispatching blocks in GCD queues.


Another private scheduler used by framework internally. It forwards scheduling to current thread's scheduler (scheduler can be associated with the thread) if it exists or to default background queue scheduler.


Scheduler methods look like this:

- (RACDisposable *)schedule:(void (^)(void))block;

- (RACDisposable *)after:(NSDate *)date schedule:(void (^)(void))block;

- (RACDisposable *)afterDelay:(NSTimeInterval)delay schedule:(void (^)(void))block;

- (RACDisposable *)after:(NSDate *)date repeatingEvery:(NSTimeInterval)interval withLeeway:(NSTimeInterval)leeway schedule:(void (^)(void))block;

So, scheduling block would look like this:

RACDisposable *disposable = [[RACScheduler mainThreadScheduler] afterDelay:5.0 schedule:^{
    //do something

//if you changed your mind
[disposable dispose]; // block scheduling cancelled, it won't be executed.
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